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Commit 1e263062 authored by Éloïs's avatar Éloïs
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doc(README): precise how to launch local testnet

parent 55e150a7
......@@ -71,6 +71,42 @@ CAUTION: In order for **Polkadot-JS Apps** to be able to fully understand the in
If you want to see the multi-node consensus algorithm in action, refer to
[our Start a Private Network tutorial](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/tutorials/start-a-private-network/).
### Purge previous lacal testnet
```
./target/release/lc-core purge-chain --base-path /tmp/alice --chain local
./target/release/lc-core purge-chain --base-path /tmp/bob --chain local
```
### Start Alice's node
```bash
./target/release/lc-core \
--base-path /tmp/alice \
--chain local \
--alice \
--port 30333 \
--ws-port 9945 \
--rpc-port 9933 \
--node-key 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001 \
--validator
```
### Start Bob's node
```bash
./target/release/lc-core \
--base-path /tmp/bob \
--chain local \
--bob \
--port 30334 \
--ws-port 9946 \
--rpc-port 9934 \
--validator \
--bootnodes /ip4/127.0.0.1/tcp/30333/p2p/12D3KooWEyoppNCUx8Yx66oV9fJnriXwCcXwDDUA2kj6vnc6iDEp
```
## Project Structure
A Substrate project such as this consists of a number of components that are spread across a few
......@@ -81,34 +117,34 @@ directories.
A blockchain node is an application that allows users to participate in a blockchain network.
Substrate-based blockchain nodes expose a number of capabilities:
- Networking: Substrate nodes use the [`libp2p`](https://libp2p.io/) networking stack to allow the
nodes in the network to communicate with one another.
- Consensus: Blockchains must have a way to come to
[consensus](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/advanced/consensus) on the state of the
network. Substrate makes it possible to supply custom consensus engines and also ships with
several consensus mechanisms that have been built on top of
[Web3 Foundation research](https://research.web3.foundation/en/latest/polkadot/NPoS/index.html).
- RPC Server: A remote procedure call (RPC) server is used to interact with Substrate nodes.
- Networking: Substrate nodes use the [`libp2p`](https://libp2p.io/) networking stack to allow the
nodes in the network to communicate with one another.
- Consensus: Blockchains must have a way to come to
[consensus](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/advanced/consensus) on the state of the
network. Substrate makes it possible to supply custom consensus engines and also ships with
several consensus mechanisms that have been built on top of
[Web3 Foundation research](https://research.web3.foundation/en/latest/polkadot/NPoS/index.html).
- RPC Server: A remote procedure call (RPC) server is used to interact with Substrate nodes.
There are several files in the `node` directory - take special note of the following:
- [`chain_spec.rs`](./node/src/chain_spec.rs): A
[chain specification](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/integrate/chain-spec) is a
source code file that defines a Substrate chain's initial (genesis) state. Chain specifications
are useful for development and testing, and critical when architecting the launch of a
production chain. Take note of the `development_config` and `testnet_genesis` functions, which
are used to define the genesis state for the local development chain configuration. These
functions identify some
[well-known accounts](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/integrate/subkey#well-known-keys)
and use them to configure the blockchain's initial state.
- [`service.rs`](./node/src/service.rs): This file defines the node implementation. Take note of
the libraries that this file imports and the names of the functions it invokes. In particular,
there are references to consensus-related topics, such as the
[longest chain rule](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/advanced/consensus#longest-chain-rule),
the [Aura](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/advanced/consensus#aura) block authoring
mechanism and the
[GRANDPA](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/advanced/consensus#grandpa) finality
gadget.
- [`chain_spec.rs`](./node/src/chain_spec.rs): A
[chain specification](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/integrate/chain-spec) is a
source code file that defines a Substrate chain's initial (genesis) state. Chain specifications
are useful for development and testing, and critical when architecting the launch of a
production chain. Take note of the `development_chain_spec` and `testnet_genesis` functions, which
are used to define the genesis state for the local development chain configuration. These
functions identify some
[well-known accounts](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/integrate/subkey#well-known-keys)
and use them to configure the blockchain's initial state.
- [`service.rs`](./node/src/service.rs): This file defines the node implementation. Take note of
the libraries that this file imports and the names of the functions it invokes. In particular,
there are references to consensus-related topics, such as the
[longest chain rule](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/advanced/consensus#longest-chain-rule),
the [Aura](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/advanced/consensus#aura) block authoring
mechanism and the
[GRANDPA](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/advanced/consensus#grandpa) finality
gadget.
After the node has been [built](#build), refer to the embedded documentation to learn more about the
capabilities and configuration parameters that it exposes:
......@@ -134,13 +170,13 @@ create pallets and flexibly compose them to create blockchains that can address
Review the [FRAME runtime implementation](./runtime/src/lib.rs) included in this template and note
the following:
- This file configures several pallets to include in the runtime. Each pallet configuration is
defined by a code block that begins with `impl $PALLET_NAME::Config for Runtime`.
- The pallets are composed into a single runtime by way of the
[`construct_runtime!`](https://crates.parity.io/frame_support/macro.construct_runtime.html)
macro, which is part of the core
[FRAME Support](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/runtime/frame#support-library)
library.
- This file configures several pallets to include in the runtime. Each pallet configuration is
defined by a code block that begins with `impl $PALLET_NAME::Config for Runtime`.
- The pallets are composed into a single runtime by way of the
[`construct_runtime!`](https://crates.parity.io/frame_support/macro.construct_runtime.html)
macro, which is part of the core
[FRAME Support](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/runtime/frame#support-library)
library.
### Pallets
......@@ -150,17 +186,17 @@ template pallet that is [defined in the `pallets`](./pallets/template/src/lib.rs
A FRAME pallet is compromised of a number of blockchain primitives:
- Storage: FRAME defines a rich set of powerful
[storage abstractions](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/runtime/storage) that makes
it easy to use Substrate's efficient key-value database to manage the evolving state of a
blockchain.
- Dispatchables: FRAME pallets define special types of functions that can be invoked (dispatched)
from outside of the runtime in order to update its state.
- Events: Substrate uses [events](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/runtime/events) to
notify users of important changes in the runtime.
- Errors: When a dispatchable fails, it returns an error.
- Config: The `Config` configuration interface is used to define the types and parameters upon
which a FRAME pallet depends.
- Storage: FRAME defines a rich set of powerful
[storage abstractions](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/runtime/storage) that makes
it easy to use Substrate's efficient key-value database to manage the evolving state of a
blockchain.
- Dispatchables: FRAME pallets define special types of functions that can be invoked (dispatched)
from outside of the runtime in order to update its state.
- Events: Substrate uses [events](https://substrate.dev/docs/en/knowledgebase/runtime/events) to
notify users of important changes in the runtime.
- Errors: When a dispatchable fails, it returns an error.
- Config: The `Config` configuration interface is used to define the types and parameters upon
which a FRAME pallet depends.
## Run in Docker
......
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